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Pitru Paksha

पितृ पक्ष (Pitru Paksha) also known as श्राद्ध (Shraaddha) or Kanagat start with Purnima Shraddha, ends after 16 days on Sarva Pitru Amavasya which is also known as Sarvapitri Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya. Hindus pay homage to their ancestor (Pitrs), especially through food offerings.
पितृ पक्ष (Pitru Paksha) also known as श्राद्ध (Shraaddha) or Kanagat start with Purnima Shraddha, ends after 16 days on Sarva Pitru Amavasya which is also known as Sarvapitri Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya. Hindus pay homage to their ancestor (Pitrs), especially through food offerings. Read History of Pitru Paksha

Information

Schedule / Dates / Duration
Past Dates
27 September - 12 October 2015
16-30 September 2016
Upcoming Event
5-19 September 2017
Futures Dates
24 September - 8 October 2018
Related Name
श्राद्ध पक्ष, Shraaddh Paksha, कनागत, Kanagat, Jitiya, महालय पक्ष, Mahalaya Paksha, सर्वपितृ अमावस्या, Sarvapitri Amavasya, महालय अमावस्या, Mahalaya Amavasya, Apara Paksha, Pitru Amavasya, Peddala Amavasya
Frequency
Yearly
Duration
16 Days
Begins
Bhadrapada Shukla Purnima
Ends
Bhadrapada Krishna Amavasya (Sarva Pitru Amavasya)
Months
September/October
सर्वपितृ अमावस्या (Sarvapitri Amavasya) 19 September 2017
The last day of Pitru Paksha is known as Sarvapitri Amavasya or Mahalaya amavasya. Mahalaya amavasya is the most significant day of Pitru Paksha. Person who do not know the exact date of our ancestors death anniversary, they pay homage and offer food on this day.

Hindi Version:
पितृ पक्ष के अंतिम दिन सर्वपितृ अमावस्या या महालया अमावस्या के रूप में जाना जाता है। महालया अमावस्या पितृ पक्ष का सबसे महत्वपूर्ण दिन है। जिन व्यक्तियों को अपने पूर्वजों की पुण्यतिथि की सही तारीख / दिन नहीं पता होता, वे लोग इस दिन उन्हें श्रद्धांजलि और भोजन समर्पित करके याद करते हैं।

History

Shraddha in Pitru Paksha is the time to remember, thank and honor our ancestors. It is believed that during the time of Shraddh, ancestors come to earth to bless their kin. The relevance of Shradh can be best known from one of the greatest epic of all time Mahabharata.

Post the war between the Kauravas and Pandavas, when everything ended, Karan (Danveer Karna, brave warrior, one of the greatest legends in the war of Mahabharata) died and reached heaven, he was offered food in the form of gold, silver and jewels. On this, he questioned Indra (the lord of heaven) the reason for offering him such a food. On this, Indra told Karna that throughout his life donated gold, diamond and silver, but, never donated any food in the name of his ancestors. Karna reverted that as he was not aware about his ancestors; hence, he never did it. So, Indra asked Karna to come back to earth, where he donated food, made Tarpan during the sixteen days.

कनागत (Kanagat)

पितरों के लिए श्रद्धा से किया गया तर्पण, पिण्ड तथा दान को ही श्राद्ध कहते है। मान्यता अनुसार सूर्य के कन्याराशि में आने पर पितर परलोक से उतर कर अपने पुत्र - पौत्रों के साथ रहिने आते हैं, अतः इसे कनागत भी कहा जाता है।

श्राद्ध तीन पीढि़यों तक करने का विधान बताया गया है। यमराज हर वर्ष श्राद्ध पक्ष में सभी जीवों को मुक्त कर देते हैं, जिससे वह अपने स्वजनों के पास जाकर तर्पण ग्रहण कर सकें। तीन पूर्वज में पिता को वसु के समान, रुद्र देवता को दादा के समान तथा आदित्य देवता को परदादा के समान माना जाता है। श्राद्ध के समय यही अन्य सभी पूर्वजों के प्रतिनिधि माने जाते हैं।

Holy Places For Shradh Rituals

As per the Hindu mythology, there are some important places in India for performing the rituals of Shraadh for the departed souls to stay in peace and be happy.
  • Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • Prayaga (Allahabad), Uttar Pradesh
  • Gaya, Bihar
  • Kedarnath, Uttarakhand
  • Badrinath, Uttarakhand
  • Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
  • Nasik, Maharashtra
  • Kapal mochan Seshambadi, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana
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